How to Treat TB Disease?

How to Treat TB Disease?

How to Treat TB Disease? – According to WHO, globally in 2021, as many as 1.6 million people will die from tuberculosis (TB). Globally, tuberculosis, also known as TB, is the 13th leading cause and second cause of infectious death after COVID-19. TB disease can be suffered by people of all ages. Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium Tuberculosis which most often attacks the lungs. Those who have a low immune system, are malnourished, have diabetes, or are smokers are more susceptible to infection with TB bacteria. How to treat TB disease? Pay attention to the following treatments!

A common treatment for active TB is isoniazid (INH) in combination with three other drugs .

How to Treat TB Disease in General

Tuberculosis or TB is a serious health condition and can cause death if not treated. However, death or fatal side effects will rarely occur if treatment is carried out properly until completion. TB is divided into two, namely latent TB and active TB.

How to treat TB disease? It is said, latent TB is when the infection does not cause symptoms and can be treated with preventive therapy. Common preventive therapy involves administering daily doses of the antibiotic isoniazid (INH). Antibiotics come in the form of a single pill that is taken for six to nine months. Meanwhile, active TB receives combination antibacterial treatment by taking medication for six to twelve months.

The common treatment for active TB is isoniazid (INH) in combination with three other drugs, such as rifampicin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide. Treatment must be completed according to the prescribed dose and time frame. If not, the TB bacterial infection will form resistance to drugs and will be difficult to treat in the future. TB sufferers are better off keeping their distance from those closest to them to avoid transmitting TB bacteriato them.

How to Treat TB Based on Treatment Regimen?

TB treatment regimens vary in regimen duration, type and dose of medication, and frequency of drug administration. The 4-month treatment regimen consisted of high-dose daily rifapentine with moxifloxacin, isoniazid, and pyrazinamide. Meanwhile, the 6-month treatment regimen consists of rifapentine, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. The CDC recommends a 4-month treatment regimen as an option for treating pulmonary TB disease caused by organisms that are unknown or suspected to be drug resistant. TB sufferers who are recommended to receive a 4-month treatment regimen include:

  • People aged twelve and over
  • People with a body weight above or equal to 40 kg
  • IV sufferers with a CD 4 count or above 100 cells/microliter
  • People who have no contraindications to this regimen
  • People with negative sputum culture or low mycobacterial load ccording to the doctor’s assessment

TB can be treated with preventive therapy using a single pill in the form of the antibiotic isoniazid (INH).

A 6-month treatment regimen to treat TB disease can be used by most TB sufferers. Patients will be given a prescription and dosage adjusted to the severity of the disease, health condition and other complications of the disease. TB sufferers on either the 4 month or 6 month regimen must finish their medication and take the medication exactly as prescribed. If sufferers stop taking medication sooner than prescribed, they have the potential to transmit TB disease to other people. There are several side effects that sufferers may experience, including:

  • Stomach ache, nausea, vomiting , and loss of appetite
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands and feet
  • The skin begins to itch, rash, or bruises appear
  • Vision changes or becomes blurry
  • The skin or eye area turns yellowish
  • The color of the urine changes to become darker

Treatment given to patients may cause side effects in some sufferers. If side effects appear that start to look unusual or don’t even get better. Immediately contact a doctor to get appropriate treatment regarding TB medication.

Tuberculosis, also known as TB, is a lung infection caused by infection with the Mycobacterium Tuberculosis bacteria. TB disease is prone to attack people with a weak immune system, malnutrition, obese people , and active or passive smokers. Tuberculosis or TB has several types of active symptoms (active TB), such as loss of appetite, high fever, night sweats, and frequent fatigue. However, there are also those that do not cause symptoms (latent TB).

So, how do you treat TB? TB can be treated or treated with preventive therapy using a single pill in the form of the antibiotic isoniazid (INH). Apart from that, there are also two treatment regimens that can be given, namely a 4 month treatment regimen and a 6 month treatment regimen. The 4-month treatment regimen consisted of high-dose daily rifapentine with moxifloxacin, isoniazid, and pyrazinamide.

Meanwhile, the 6-month treatment regimen consists of rifapentine, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. Each treatment has its own side effects, dosage, and segments. Therefore, it is a good idea to consult and see a doctor to get the right treatment.

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